Decoding Daniel - an in depth Bible study of the book of Daniel

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Daniel 5

Outline and Background of Daniel 5

Sacrilege of Belshazzar - Daniel 5:1-4

Shock of Belshazzar - Daniel 5:5-6

Summons of the Wise Men and Solution of the Queen - Daniel 5:7-17

Sermon from Daniel - Daniel 5:18-25

Significance of the Handwriting - Daniel 5:26-28

Sequel of Events - Daniel 5:29-31

Applications and Typical Prophecies - Daniel 5

Summons of the Wise Men and Solution of the Queen - Daniel 5:7-17


The king called for the wise men (the enchanters, Chaldeans and diviners). For the third time their fakery is exposed. The tongues of the godless are powerless to tell the meaning of God’s message even when marvelous rewards are to be gained.

Whoever reads this writing and tells me what it means will be clothed in purple and have a gold chain placed around his neck, and he will be made the third highest ruler in the kingdom.

Belshazzar does not offer the second highest office in the kingdom since he holds that position. Sometime following Nebuchadnezzar’s
death, Daniel ceased being the prime minister of the empire. This is not surprising since darkness hates the light.

Amazingly, these well-educated wise men cannot even read the writing. It might have been written in a script unknown to them.

SOLUTION OF THE QUEEN (5:10-17). Who is the queen? Not Nabonidus’ wife, she is at Tema. And Belshazzar’s wives are in the banquet hall. It is Nebuchadnezzar’s widow, Amytis, the grandmother of Belshazzar. His ancestral line was from Nitocris and Nabonidus, who in
turn came from Nebuchadnezzar and Amytis.

Neither the queen nor Daniel attended the feast. Both are the salt of the earth and the light to the world. The queen had the spiritual discernment of her husband, recognizing the Spirit of the Holy God in Daniel. She presented a sevenfold favorable testimony concerning Daniel.

1. He has the Holy Spirit in him.
2. He has a keen mind.
3. He is full of knowledge.
4. He has great understanding.
5. He has the gift of interpreting dreams.
6. He can explain riddles.
7. He can solve difficult problems.

Why does Daniel have such great knowledge, understanding and wisdom? Proverbs 9:10.

Amytis’ testimony to her grandson indicates she was converted also. With the same confidence her husband had displayed, she said, “Call for Daniel and he will tell you what the writing means.” Ironically, her evaluation of the outcome of the circumstances is unequivocally wrong. She said, “O king live forever! Don’t be alarmed! Don’t look so pale.” Daniel would decisively reverse the queen’s comfort with condemnation.

Bible Studies by Bob Conway

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Experiencing Exodus

Book of James

Life and Passion of Christ

The Holy Spirit

How to Study the Bible

Romans Salvation

Life of the Apostle Paul

Other studies at Spreading Light Bible Studies

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